As bosom cancer is common in women above 45 years of age, so is prostate cancer in men above the age of 60.
Prostate cancer is a disease which affects only men and it affects the prostate -- a gland in the male reproductive system.
by the National Cancer Registry estimate that one out of six men in the
world will be diagnosed with prostate cancer before their golden
Though statistics on this cancer is lacking in Nigeria,
experts say the incidence is increasing. So, there are odds that one
could have a father, grandfather, husband, brother or friend living with
this disease at any time.
But the cheering news is that, experts
say, it is preventable and treatable when detected early before
irreversible damage has been done to the prostate.
Why should men
be worried about this cancer? Apart from the fact that it affects their
sexuality, it can also send the victim to an early grave.
detection is a challenge here, as many men are not likely to see their
doctor unless it's an emergency. But this may be dangerous, doctors
advise. Indeed, physicians say there is an appreciable increase in the
number of men being diagnosed with this disease.
urologist, Dr. Sam Adeleke, says unlike in the past when only old men
were diagnosed with the disease, doctors now see younger men with
prostate cancer, hence, men of all ages must watch out.
states that many men would die without even knowing they had the
disease, as it usually has no symptoms. A few lucky ones may experience
the warning signs, especially those at the advanced stages, physicians
Experts say the following factors may increase your risk of
getting prostate cancer and advise that if four of these eight factors
apply to you, then you must see a doctor to erase all doubts.
men have the highest rate of prostate cancer diagnosis and death in the
world, according to the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention,
Atlanta, United States of America.
"Worse, black men seem to get
more severe form, are more likely to have the cancer come back after
treatment and are more likely to die of this disease," Dr. Jane
Worthington says. She recommends tests every year, starting at age 40.
man is twice as likely to get the disease if he has one first-degree
relative -- father, brother, son -- with a history of it, according to
the Prostate Cancer Foundation.
The risk goes up if more relatives are affected, Worthington says.
states, "It may be as high as 50 per cent if three family members
(father and two brothers, for example) have had it, if it occurs in
three generations (grandfather, father, son) or if two relatives
developed it younger than 55 years old."
And don't forget the
women in the family. The expert adds that prostate cancer risk can be
inherited from the mother's family as well. So, ask about your maternal
Being over 50
The older the man,
the higher his risk. "In men between 40-49, the risk of developing
prostate cancer is one in 50," Worthington says. From 60-79, it's one in
seven. But don't wait till you are 60 before you take a PSA test.
"Prostate cancer screening should start at age 40," Worthington notes.
overweight or obese is a prostate cancer risk, according to many
studies. Researchers found that men who put on extra weight in their 20s
and 30s face a higher risk.
"A study by the American Cancer
Society found that men with a BMI greater than 30 were 20-25 per cent
were more likely to die of prostate cancer than thinner men,"
Experts believe that too much body fat throws
off the body's normal production of insulin and testosterone, which may
fuel growth of prostate cancer cells.
But that's not just the
fear of prostate cancer here, as too much belly fat and a high-fat diet
can also raise the risk of heart disease and diabetes.
fatty and fried food is also a problem. "Dietary fat may not only help
cause prostate cancer, but it may also affect the way it progresses --
how fast cancer cells proliferate, their ability to spread and the
body's ability to fight off this invasion," Worthington explains.
high in saturated fats, especially from animal products such as red
meat and dairy, appear to be the worst dietary trigger for prostate
cancer, Worthington says.
Cigarette smoking gives cancer cells a comfy place to grow, Worthington says.
doesn't yet show that smoking causes prostate cancer, but it has proven
that a nicotine habit can help it grow faster and more aggressively.
Tell him to stop smoking now," Worthington advises.
"If he gets up frequently in the middle of the night to urinate, he could have problems with his prostate," Adeleke counsels.
is because the urethra, the tube that carries urine and Fluid, runs
right through the middle of the prostate like a straw, experts say.
troubles often signal benign prostatic hyperplasia -- a non-cancerous
enlargement of the gland that's common in men older than 40. Still, any
changes in urination -- including pain, weak flow, difficulty starting
or stopping, frequent night time urination, or blood in the urine or
Fluid -- should be evaluated by a doctor.
Painful Bowel Movement
the prostate lives on the other side of the rectal wall, prostate
enlargement or cancer can often cause pain during a bowel movement.
This, along with a bloody stool, may also be a symptom of colorectal